Recognizing the importance of forest and wildlife resources and the need for appropriate measures to optimize their utilization and management in Ghana, various past governments formulated policies for developing a national forest estate, wildlife sites and a timber industry that guarantee a full range of sustainable benefits for the population. Using illegally obtained wood in industrial processing. Between 1948, when a forest policy was adopted and the early 1980s, Ghana's stance has remarkably consistent. Even the diversity of some food crop species is declining due to over-utilisation, especially numbers of banana, cocoa and yam species. This paper presents a report on the Non- Timber Forest Products development in Ghana. The various public, industrial, and private owners of forestland may have quite different objectives for the forest resources they control. The Forestry Commission (FC), a public service institution, was set up subject to the provisions of the 1992 Constitution, Chapter 21, Article 269, sub-section 1. Source of Timber: Timber originated from prescribed sources and concerned individual, group and owners gave their written consent to the land being subjected to the grant of timber rights, Timber Harvesting Operations: The logger complied with forest operation procedures and standards specified by statute, Transportation: Timber was at all times transported in accordance with standards prescribed by statute, Processing. Obtaining logging concessions through bribes. Around 9.0 million hectares are primary or otherwise naturally regenerated forest, and around 325 thousand hectares are planted forest. The importance of the Act lies in the fact that past attempts at controlling the activities of timber contractors through legislation such as the Concessions Ordinance,3 Forest Ordinance4 and the Concessions Act5 have failed, leading to intensive exploitation of Ghana's forests. The annual fluctuation of litterfall mass and carbon stocks increased with increases in air temperature (Dry season). The level of employment in forestry is an indicator … Besides timber imports to the EU, the agreement also makes it illegal for any EU company to invest in or do business with Ghanaian companies that do not operate according to Ghana’s forest laws. Fiscal Obligations: Neither the logger nor the Vendor was at the time of sale or export in default of fees, rents or taxes, prescribed by statute. The principles are: To find out more about FoE-Ghana’s practical projects working with communities and other stakeholders to protect forests and biodiversity in Ghana, have a look at our Forest and Biodiversity projects pages. Forestry plays a significant role in the provision of food, fuel, clothing, shelter, furniture, natural medicine, potable water supply sources, bush meat and land for agriculture for the rural communities, thus leading to continuous deforestation. A Portion of the course of the Volta Lake AKOSOMBO, GHANA. Purifies the Air. Though the dominant forest formation is savanna woodlands, some tropical high forest still exists, mostly in the south-western part of the country. We educate, train, empower, and campaign to make this world a reality so that one day all people, without discrimination, can meet their needs and lead happy, fulfilling and rewarding lives while sustaining the environment that all life depends on. March 16, 2017. Corruption and other illegal practices are rife in Ghana’s forestry sector, resulting in timber harvests that are far beyond sustainable limits. Interestingly, there are steps within the FSC to also realign its CoC system to be compliant with the requirements of FLEGT. 8.3 How many people are employed in forestry? Field data collected by GFC (T3), but for legal practices. The activity of illegal miners in reserved forests is seen as a major threat to sustainable forest management and impact on livelihoods of communities. However, the exploitation of these resources, coupled with the overall lack of environmental awareness, has devastated the country's forests. Ghana Forest Information and Data According to the U.N. FAO, 21.7% or about 4,940,000 ha of Ghana is forested, according to FAO. The rest of the country is made up of savannah vegetation. on the eve of Ghana's independence and charged with the "dissemination of truthful unbiased news". Fish species are declining due to over-exploitation as well as the use of illegal practices such as pair trawling and beach seine. Exporting and importing timber in contravention of national bans. Tropical Forest Ecology PBIO 485/693 G h a n a, W e s t A f r ica. Forests. Landuse conversions are mainly to large-scale farming and mono-cultural plantations. 2.jpg 2,880 × 1,920; 805 KB. Ignoring environmental, social or labour laws and regulations. Corruption exists all along the forest-timber chain from production and harvest to supply and trade. Kakum National Park, located in the coastal environs of the Central Region of Ghana, covers an area of 375 square kilometres (145 sq mi). Water borehole and pump donated by Polish Foreign Aid, Community scorecard on service provision by local government, at Likpe Koforidua, VR, Tafi Mador community members celebrating as the Polish Minister commissions the projects, Tree seedlings to plant at school, Sibi Hilltop, Children carrying their tree seedlings for watering, Water borehole funded by DfID for the women and climate change project, Brong Ahafo, Community durbar, rights to water and sanitation, Northern region, Civil society training workshop, advocacy for water and sanitation Northern Region, Community source of drinking water for project community in Northern Region, Sewing machines at the youth training centre, Fishing canoes; no motorised boats are allowed on Lake Bosumtwe because they will disturb the fish, Awareness raising with farmers about yam farming, forest loss and climate change, Organic pineapple farm for women farmers, Tafi Abuipe, Abandoned chicken farm forced out of business by competition from cheap chickens imported from Europe, Cut trees ready for transporting out of the forest, Consultaitions with farmers about yam farming and climate change impacts, Sewing machines at the Youth training Centre in Yendi, Women sharing her opinions on water and sanitation service provision, Carrying stakes to mark out for tree planting on school grounds, Community durbar on rights to water and sanitation, Northern region, Community durbar, rights to water and sanitation, Northern Region, Women at Tafi Abuipe sending us home with pineapples from their organic pineapple farm, Community durbar, rights to water and sanitation Northern Region, Women dancing at the HIV/AIDS awareness day, Consultations with farmers about yam farming and climate change impacts, Mr. Manu teaching the children how to monitor the water quality at Lake Bosumtwe, community durbar, rights to water and sanitation, Abrani, Cutting the forest to make way for yam farming, Seedling nursery funded by DfID for the women and climate change project, Brong Ahafo, Awareness raising with farmers about yam farming, forest loss and climate change impacts, Sampling for monitoring the water quality at Lake Bosumtwe, Monitoring the water quality at Lake Bosumtwe, Training in sustainable agriculture at Derma, Women collecting water, Sibi Hilltop, norther Ghana, Cocoa farming must be made sustainable, fair and ethical, 4 Adamafio Close, East Legon, Accra, Ghana, Logging protected species or in protected areas or outside concession boundaries or in prohibited areas such as steep slopes, riverbanks and water catchments, Girdling or ring-barking to kill trees so that they can be legally logged, Contracting with local entrepreneurs to buy logs from protected areas, Removing under/oversized trees from public forests, Reporting high volumes extracted in forest concessions to mask the fact that part of the volume declared is extracted from non-authorized areas outside the concession boundaries. Since 1983 forestry has benefited from more than US$120 million in investments and has undergone substantial changes, resulting in doubled earnings between 1985 and 1990. Ghana’s LAS has 7 principles and 22 criteria. Additional to the above, many investors have shown an interest in expanding plantation forestry in Ghana, with very large projects currently being implemented consisting of species such as teak, eucalypts and acacia. It started as a research unit within the Forestry Department in 1962. Several areas of t… Statistics on the size of remaining forest vary considerably. The management of forest resources in Ghana falls mostly in the hands of the government although communities surrounding these resources are recognized stakeholders. It is located at Fumesua near Kumasi in the Ashanti Region of Ghana. Ghana’s capital is the coastal city of Accra. Rosewood, Kpatro (Pterocarpus erinaceus) Afzelia, Papao, Doussie (Afzelia spp.) Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Ghana lost an average of 125,400 ha or 1.68% per year. "Deforestation statistics for [selected country name]". Following are some points illustrating the importance of forests: Forests help in … Illegal forest practices. The Contribution of Forests to Ghana’s Economic Development Objective The overall goal of the conference is to highlight the role of forests and woodlands on livelihoods, environmental management and economic development in the country and the expected future contribution in the There is the transition zone that was forest but is now turning to savannah due to forest removal and the impacts of climate change. Ecosystem goods and services are declining due to loss of forests, fisheries, farm and grazing lands, watersheds and water sources. In 1993 timber and wood products earnings totaled US$140 million against a targeted level of US$130 million. 8.3 How many people are employed in forestry? As of 2004, Ghana's forest cover was roughly 39.6%, the area under forests had increased dramatically which is partially due to the Ghanaian government emphasizing the importance of forest conservation. Preamble. Field data collected by GFC (T3) 10. Ghana had 260,000 ha of planted forest. Accessed on [date] from rainforests.mongabay.com. However the FAO, in its 2010 Global Forest Resources Assessment, estimated Ghana had around 2.6 million ha of reserved forests and around 500,000 ha of unreserved forest. Important role of forestry in Ghana March 2, 2013 - 0 Comments Situated along the Gulf of Guinea, the West African country of Ghana has a total forest area of approximately 5 million hectares, which represents about 20% of its total land area, concentrated in the southern parts of the country. Despite their importance, they are disappearing too fast. EMPLOYMENT. The forest class (represented primarily by Ghana’s dense evergreen rain forest and moist deciduous forest) shows a small decline in area from about 16,400 sq km in 1975 to 15,500 sq km in 2000, a reduction of 5 percent. We believe that an equitable and sustainable world where the rights of all people and all life are respected is possible. Importance of Forestry Agriculture, including forestry, is the backbone of the Ghanaian economy. Important plant species will be lost to deforestation unless urgent measures are taken. A forest is defined as an area forming an ecosystem. Often quoted figures suggest Ghana’s reserved forests (which comprise protected and production forest) were around 8.2 million ha at the beginning of the last century, but only about 1.7 million ha remained at the start of the 21st century. Economic analysis of alternative scenarios for the future of Atewa Forest has shown that protection of the forest with a well-managed buffer zone would contribute c $1 bn to the economy of Ghana over 25 years (https://bit.ly/2JA964u). Learn more about the country of Ghana here. The motion outlined the critical conservation importance of Atewa Forest, in particular that it is one of only two Upland Evergreen forests in Ghana, … A magnifisent site of the volta lake.jpg 2,880 × 1,920; 950 KB. Forestry plays a major role in the growth and development of the Ghanaian economy and the maintenance of … Wildlife survives mostly in the forest. The response that galamsey facilitates the drying up of water bodies did not come … Declaring lower values and volumes exported, Declaring higher purchase prices above the prevailing market prices for inputs such as equipment or services from related companies, Manipulating debt cash flows to transfer money to subsidiary or parent company, for example by inflating debt repayments to avoid taxes on profits. These forests are on stool/skin lands and owned by chiefs but vested in Ghana’s president and managed by the Forestry Commission. Besides, forestry plays a major role in the growth and development of the Ghanaian economy and the maintenance of environmental quality. The EU and the Ghana Government signed a VPA in 2009. Although Ghana produces quite a number of tree species, the 10 most important Ghanaian timber species, in terms of exported value in 2014, are (TIDD, Forestry Commission): Teak (Tectona grandis) Ceiba, Fromager (Ceiba pentandra) Abachi, Wawa (Triplochiton scleroxylon) African mahogany (Khaya spp.) EU support for improved forest governance in Ghana. Timber from natural forest that is. (2012) for Ghana (T2/T3). Between January and November 1994, exports amounted to 919,000 tons and earned U… Illegal timber transport, trade and timber smuggling, Transfer pricing and other illegal accounting practices, (Source: Contreras-Hermosilla, A, (2002) Law compliance in the Forestry Sector. There is currently a range of policy and regulations that impact the sector, and … The level of employment in forestry … The rest of the country is made up of savannah vegetation. Thus, preparation for travel is important. Importance of forest. Empowering, training, educating and campaigning for a fair and sustainable world. Of this 8.0% ( 395,000 ) is classified as primary forest, the most biodiverse and carbon-dense form of forest. A Portion of the course of the Volta Lake AKOSOMBO, GHANA. The forest is the home of wildlife, hence the absence of forest impact negatively on the existence of wildlife. Among the Ashante in Ghana, traditional cloth is still important at festive and ceremonial occasions. The Legality Assurance System (LAS) is the legal framework and monitoring system established as part of a VPA to ensure the production of legal timber through compliance with all legal standards. Ghana, country of western Africa, situated on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. A century ago, Ghana’s tropical hardwood forest extended from about the middle of the country, southward to the sea. Non-Timber Forest Products play a significant role in the socio-economic development of many developing nations. Recognizing the importance of forest resources and the need for … This paper examines the impact of deforestation on medicinal plants in Ghana. Ceremonial clothing and costumes are also often made from specific forest products. The importance of reforestation to wildlife in Ghana cannot be overemphasized. Change in Forest Cover: Between 1990 and 2010, Ghana lost an average of 125,400 ha or 1.68% per year. It provides 43% of the Gross Domestic Product, 50% of export earnings and 70% of total employment. Only information on employment related to the primary production of forest goods and related services is presented here. A community in Ghana have taken only five years to restore their forest and are already enjoying the benefits. Introduction Today, most of this has been harvested. The total annual consumption for fuel wood alone is about 700 000 tons, 30% of which is consumed in the capital, Accra. 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