https://animals.fandom.com/wiki/Mauritius_Blue_Pigeon?oldid=49592. The report also talks about an enigmatic bird called the Mauritius blue pigeon, which he said had a warty face. It was proclaimed extinct in the 1830s, due to habitat destruction, hunting and predation by introduced animals. The French naturalist Pierre Sonnerat brought the bird to the attention of ornithologists in 1782, calling it Pigeon Hollandais (Dutch pigeon), a French vernacular name that derives from its white, dark blue and red colouration, which reminded Sonnerat of the Dutch flag. Frugivorous birds often need a large area for foraging and move between forest types to feed on different types of food, which grow irregularly. Extinct Bird - The Mauritius Blue Pigeon or Pigeon Hollandais. The surviving endemic fauna is still seriously threatened. The feathers on the head, neck and breast of the Mauritius blue pigeon were silvery white, long, stiffened and pointed, especially around the neck. The Mauritius Blue Pigeon lived alongside other recently extinct Mauritian birds such as the Dodo, the Red Rail, Thirioux's Grey Parrot, the Broad-billed Parrot, the Mauritius Owl, the Mascarene Coot, the Mauritian Shelduck, the Mauritian Duck, and the Mauritius Night Heron. Some plants, such as Casearia tinifolia and the palm orchid, have also become extinct.[25]. The iris was reddish orange and had an inner yellow ring. A diet of snails would have provided the birds with calcium for egg production. The species is thought to have become extinct in the 1830s due to deforestation and predation. It was not identified as a Mauritius blue pigeon until the British ornithologist Alfred Newton saw it in 1879. The Mauritius blue pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissima) is an extinct species of blue pigeon formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar. Given the early disappearance of so many Mauritian birds it is perhaps surprising that this pigeon lasted so long. The three Mascarene islands were each home to a species, all of which are extinct: the Mauritius blue pigeon, the Rodrigues blue pigeon (Alectroenas payandeei), and the Réunion blue pigeon (Alectroenas sp.). "Notes on the extinct pigeon from Mauritius, "Systematics, morphology, and ecology of pigeons and doves (Aves: Columbidae) of the Mascarene Islands, with three new species", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mauritius_blue_pigeon&oldid=986518061, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 10:38. Milbert may in any case have been referring to arboreal snails, as extant blue pigeons rarely land on the ground. Before humans arrived, forests covered Mauritius entirely, but very little remains today because of deforestation. A diet of snails would have provided the birds with calcium for egg production. The Mauritius blue pigeon lived alongside other recently extinct Mauritian birds such as the dodo, the red rail, the Mascarene grey parakeet, the broad-billed parrot, the Mauritius owl, the Mascarene coot, the Mauritian shelduck, the Mauritian duck and the Mauritius night heron. 6,689 36. It was the largest and most robust member of its genus, and the hackles were longer and covered a larger area than in other blue pigeons. On the other hand, Bonnaterre stated they were still common in 1790. An ecological history of the Mascarene Islands, with particular reference to extinctions and introductions of land vertebrates. Juvenile Seychelles and Comoro blue pigeons have green feathers, so this may also have been the case for juvenile Mauritian pigeons. It fed on fruits, nuts, and molluscs, and was once widespread in the forests of Mauritius. The first record of the Mauritius blue pigeon is two sketches in the 1601–1603 journal of the Dutch ship Gelderland. It was sold in 1819 among other items, was sent to Edinburgh, and is now in the National Museum of Scotland as specimen MU No. By 1812, Jacques Gérard Milbert stated that solitary individuals were found in river valleys. The tail feathers and tail coverts were maroon. Alectroenas nitidissima is the type species of the genus, which includes all blue pigeons. The Mauritius blue pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissimus) is an extinct species of blue pigeon formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar. He named the bird Columba nitidissima, which means "most brilliant pigeon". The bird was 30 cm (12 in) in length, the wings were 208 mm (8.2 in), the tail was 132 mm (5.2 in), the culmen was 25 mm (1 in), and the tarsals were 28 mm (1.10 in). Cossigny dissected a specimen in the mid-1700s and later sent it and its stomach contents to René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur with a letter describing his findings. Jan 20, 2015 - The Mauritius Blue Pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissimus) is an extinct species of blue pigeon formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar. Before humans arrived, forests covered Mauritius entirely, but very little remains today because of deforestation. Of the five species of pigeon unique to Mauritius, only one remains today. 1790, University of Amsterdam. Aug 5, 2016 - The Mauritius blue pigeon is an extinct species of blue pigeon formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar. Hume therefore interprets the three surviving skins as belonging to female specimens. The males had red foreheads, and the juveniles may have been partially green. Presented to the court by the Baron I. N. E. van Lynden 1790, and were called Pavillons Hollandais. On the other hand, Pierre Joseph Bonnaterre stated they were still common in 1790. An extinct species of blue pigeon formerly native to the Mascarene Island of Mauritius, east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. WikiMatrix A Mauritian woman recalling observations of Mauritius blue pigeons around … Jul 9, 2014 - Mauritius Blue Pigeon | Mauritius Blue-pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissima) [18], Unlike the three surviving skins of Mauritius blue pigeons, one of two illustrations (the other is in black-and-white) of a live individual kept in the Netherlands around 1790 shows a red forehead. The little dodo is 12 inches in length. [13], Compared with other pigeons, the blue pigeons are medium to large, stocky, and have longer wings and tails. [22] Extant blue pigeons are also considered good food, and are heavily hunted as a result, and it appears another population of them was hunted to extinction from the Farquhar and Providence islands. The Mauritius blue pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissimus) is an extinct species of blue pigeon formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar. Each between- and within- individual pairwise comparison is plotted as red (28 passenger pigeon comparisons) or blue (6 band-tailed pigeon comparisons) lines. They are thought to have been found near Le Pouce mountain and Plaine des Roches. It has two extinct relatives from the Mascarenes and three extant ones from other islands. She said it was larger than a tame pigeon & was all the colours of the rainbow, particularly about the head, red, green & blue. Only three stuffed specimens exist today, and only one bird was ever depicted when alive. At least two species are extinct. This is a list of the bird species recorded in Mauritius.The avifauna of Mauritius include a total of 155 species, of which 28 are endemic, and 22 have been introduced by humans.. When John Tradescant acquired his specimen, the bird was already extinct. It was hunted to extinction for its mea… The next account is that of Jean-François Charpentier de Cossigny in the mid-18th century. [22] Pretorius attempted to keep juvenile and adult Mauritius blue pigeons in captivity, but all his specimens died. The small Mauritian flying fox and the snail Tropidophora carinata lived on Mauritius and Réunion but became extinct in both islands. Breeding in Indian ocean: Mauritius I.; can be seen in 1 country. Apr 24, 2015 - Mauritius Blue Pigeon | rhamphotheca:Mauritius Blue Pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissima)EXTINCT ..., 1830s. Its decline can be correlated with deforestation, which is also the main threat to extant blue pigeons. Burns. The tibiotarsus is comparatively long and the tarsometatarsus short. [14] Their closest genetic relative is the cloven-feathered dove of New Caledonia (Drepanoptila holosericea), from which they separated 8–9 million years ago. Both sexes of the Seychelles blue pigeon also have red foreheads, and Julian Hume has suggested that the image depicts a male, which was described as "infinitely more handsome" than the female by Cossigny in the mid-18th century. [6] Since Sonnerat named and described them in French, the scientific naming of the bird was left to the Tyrolean naturalist Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, who did not observe a specimen himself, but Latinised Sonnerat's description in 1786. A Mauritian woman recalling observations of Mauritius blue pigeons around 1815 mentioned green as one of its colours. [29] The second was a woman who had last seen a bird around this time, and recalled hunts of it in approximately 1815, in a swampy area near Black River Gorges, south western Mauritius: When she was a girl and used to go into the forest with her father de Chazal, she has seen quantities of Pigeon Hollandais and Merles [Hypsipetes olivaceus], both species were so tame they might be knocked down with sticks, & her father used to kill more that way than by shooting them, as she was a nervous child. Edward Newton (convinced that the pigeon still survived) interviewed two inhabitants of Mauritius about the Mauritius blue pigeon in 1863, and these accounts suggest that the bird survived until at least 1837. Cossigny dissected a specimen in the mid-18th century and later sent it and its stomach contents to René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur with a letter describing his findings. Soon after this date the species seems to have become extinct. They probably became rarer during French rule in Mauritius (1715–1810), as lowland areas of the island were almost completely deforested during this time. Apr 24, 2015 - Mauritius Blue Pigeon | rhamphotheca:Mauritius Blue Pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissima)EXTINCT ..., 1830s. It had white hackles around the head, neck and breast and blue plumage on the body, and it was red on the tail and the bare parts of the head. In the evening 11 till 12 o'clock and many times during the night it made nice sounds 10 to 12 times quickly after another like Baf Baf [pronounced Barf Barf], and during the day a kind of cooing sound. † Fruits and nuts were probably the mainstay of the Mauritius Blue Pigeon's diet, and like other blue pigeons, it may have occupied the upper canopy, and migrated seasonally to where food was available. Nevertheless, there is some information about features of the bird. Several stuffed and at least one live specimen reached Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries. Photography. It has two extinct relatives from the Mascarenes and three extant ones from other islands. Fruits and nuts were probably the mainstay of the Mauritius blue pigeon's diet, and like other blue pigeons, it may have occupied the upper canopy, and migrated seasonally to where food was available. 624. Little lowland forest was left on the island by 1859. Extinct > Mauritius Blue Pigeon. The only two known life drawings of the species (by G. Haasbroek) depict this individual. Extant blue pigeons are also considered good food, and are heavily hunted as a result, and it appears another population of them was hunted to extinction from the Farquhar and Providence islands. The plumage of the body was indigo, and the back, scapular feathers and wings were metallic blue. Compared with other pigeons, the blue pigeons are medium to large, stocky, and have longer wings and tails. Invaluable is the world's largest marketplace for … The dodo (Raphus cucullatus) is an extinct flightless bird that was endemic to the island of Mauritius, east of Madagascar in the Indian Ocean. The dodo was said to be related to pigeons and doves and was described as being around 3.3 feet tall and weighing about 20 kg. The plumage of the body was indigo, and the back, scapular feathers and wings were metallic blue. Pierre Joseph Bonnaterre used the name batavica ("the Dutch one") in his description in 1790. sp.). Three species survive today: Seychelles Blue Pigeon, A. pulcherrima, ('very beautiful') on most of the granitic Seychelles, Comoro Blue Pigeon, A. sganzini, on the Comoros (nominate race) and Aldabra (A. s. minor), and Madagascar Blue Pigeon, A. madagascariensis, on Madagascar. This is a characteristic behaviour of other blue pigeons, too, and they can also vibrate their hackles. They may have evolved into a distinct genus there before reaching Madagascar. When German naturalist Johann Friedrich Gmelin redescribed the bird with the species name franciae ("of France") in 1789, he referred to the now-familiar tricolour which had just been flown for the first time. Mauritius Blue Pigeon bird photo call and song/ Alectroenas nitidissimus (Columba nitidissima) - extinct bird Other blue pigeons perch on bare branches, making them vulnerable to hunters. The small Mauritian flying fox and the snail Tropidophora carinatalived on Mauritius and Réunion but became extinct in both islands. Few descriptions of the behaviour of Mauritius blue pigeons are known; unpublished notes by Desjardins are now lost. 624. It was 30 cm (12 in) long and larger and more robust than any other blue pigeon species. Post Jan 30, 2015 #1 2015-01-30T13:25. [17] Cossigny dissected a specimen in the mid-18th century and later sent it and its stomach contents to the French scientist René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur with a letter describing his findings. It was not identified as a Mauritius blue pigeon until Alfred Newton saw it in 1879. This feature is not mentioned in contemporary accounts, and such depictions are thought to be erroneous. [9], Another skin arrived at the Paris museum in 1800, collected by Colonel M. Mathieu for the French ornithologist Louis Dufresne. This is a list of Extinct species in Mauritius according to the IUCN Red List.. Burns. It had white hackles around the head, neck and breast and blue plumage on the body, and it was red on the tail and the bare parts of the head. Only these three taxidermic specimens still exist. [26] The gizzard and crop contained four "nuts", which Cossigny was told were the seeds of either Calophyllum tacamahaca or Labourdonnaisia calophylloides. This is the coat of arms of Mauritius - which consists of a Dodo Bird and a Sambur Deer supporting sugar cane and a shield divided into four sections. It has two extinct relatives from the Mascarenes and three extant ones from other islands. One only I have received alive but died later after a few months from dropsy. [15] Their ancestral group appears to be the fruit doves (Ptilinopus) of Southeast Asia and Oceania. It was 30 cm (12 in) long and larger and more robust than any other blue pigeon species. pulcherrima). Chromosome boundaries are … The Mauritius blue pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissimus) is an extinct species of blue pigeon formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar.It has two extinct relatives from the Mascarenes and three extant ones from other islands. The bird was first mentioned in the 17th century and was described several times thereafter, but very few accounts describe the behaviour of living specimens. Download this stock image: Columba nitidissima, Print, The Mauritius blue pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissimus) is an extinct species of blue pigeon formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar. There are three extant species: the Madagascar blue pigeon(Alectroenas madagascariensis), the Comoro blue pigeon (Alectroenas sganzini), and the Seychelles blue pigeon (Alectroenas pulcherrima). Its alternative vernacular name derives from its coloration: the bird, tri-colored white, dark blue and red, reminded Sonnerat, who brought it to the attention of the scientific world, of the Dutch flag. Apart from habitat destruction and hunting, introduced predators, mainly crab-eating macaques, were probably also responsible. Jul 2, 2017 - Mauritius blue pigeon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Mauritius blue pigeon was not seasonally poisonous like the pink pigeon, which still survives on Mauritius today, but it was reputed to be. In fact, even finding photos of it is quite a challenge since only a few quality photos exist. Cossigny noted that the bird had become rare by 1755, but were common 23 years before, and attributed the decline to deforestation and hunting by escaped slaves. By 1893, only one of them, specimen MNHN n°C.G. Their ancestral group appears to be the fruit doves (Ptilinopus) of Southeast Asia and Oceania. Its decline can be correlated with deforestation, which is also the main threat to extant blue pigeons. The bird was first mentioned in the 17th century and was described several times thereafter, but very few accounts describe the behaviour of living specimens. The National animal of Mauritius is the Dodo (Raphus cucullatus). The next account is that of Jean-François Charpentier de Cossigny in the mid-18th century. The birds appear to have been freshly killed or stunned. The Mauritius Blue Pigeon or Pigeon Hollandais (Alectroenas nitidissima) is an extinct species of pigeon formerly endemic to Mauritius. The French naturalist Pierre Joseph Bonnaterre used the name batavica ("the Dutch one") in his description in 1790. [12] The three Mascarene islands were each home to a species, all of which are extinct: the Mauritius blue pigeon, the Rodrigues blue pigeon (A. payandeei), and the Réunion blue pigeon (A. This is a characteristic behaviour of other blue pigeons, too, and they can also vibrate their hackles. An individual was brought to the Netherlands around 1790, where it survived in the menagerie of William V, Prince of Orange for three months before dying of oedema. More were collected by Etienne Thirioux around 1900. Both sexes of the Seychelles blue pigeon also have red foreheads, and the English palaeontologist Julian Hume has suggested that the image depicts a male, which was described as "infinitely more handsome" than the female by Cossigny in the mid-18th century. He had collected two specimens during a voyage in 1774. The dodo’s closest genetic relative was the also-extinct Rodrigues solitaire, the two forming the subfamily Raphinae of the family of pigeons and doves. The legs were dark slate-grey. [16], The feathers on the head, neck and breast of the Mauritius blue pigeon were silvery white, long, stiffened and pointed, especially around the neck. Mauritius actually has a terrible track record when it comes to birds; the Dodo is the most famous casualty, but many of their birds went extinct. [10][6] Subfossil remains of the Mauritius blue pigeon were collected in the Mare aux Songes swamp by Théodore Sauzier in 1889. The last confirmed specimen was shot in The Savane district in 1826, but this species was still recorded in 1832, and information from two inhabitants of Mauritius suggests that the Mauritius Blue Pigeon survived until at least 1837. These syntype specimens were deposited in the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle in Paris. [22], Many other endemic species of Mauritius became extinct after the arrival of man, so the ecosystem of the island is severely damaged and hard to reconstruct. It had white hackles around the head, neck and breast and blue plumage on the body, and it was red on the tail and the bare parts of the head. They are allopatric and can therefore be regarded as a superspecies. Milbert may in any case have been referring to arboreal snails, as extant blue pigeons rarely land on the ground. Juvenile Seychelles and Comoro blue pigeons have green feathers, so this may also have been the case for juvenile Mauritian pigeons. [2], Extinct bird in the family Columbidae from Mauritius, Life drawings of a male with raised and lowered hackles, c. 1790, "Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences support a Cretaceous origin of Columbiformes and a dispersal-driven radiation in the Paleogene". The Mauritius blue pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissima) is an extinct species of blue pigeon formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar. The Mauritius blue pigeon was easy to catch due to island tameness. [2][5] These syntype specimens were deposited in the Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle in Paris. Buy online, view images and see past prices for Rothschild, Extinct Birds - Mauritius Blue Pigeon; Alectroenas Nitidissima. [8] The specific name was emended from A. nitidissimus to A. nitidissima by the IOC World Bird List in 2012. [29], It can be concluded that the Mauritius blue pigeon became extinct in the 1830s. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Deforestation and over-hunting for food are usually sited as the reason for the Blue Pigeon’s demise. They may have evolved into a distinct genus there before reaching Madagascar. The legs of the two other surviving specimens have not been painted and have faded to a yellowish brown. Frugivorous birds often need a large area for foraging and move between forest types to feed on different types of food, which grow irregularly. The first record of the Mauritius blue pigeon is two sketches in the 1601–1603 journal of the Dutch ship Gelderland. They are allopatric and can therefore be regarded as a superspecies. Photography Subjects. Its actual encounters with humans stretched from 1599—when the bird was described by a passenger on a ship that had first arrived at Mauritius in 1598—to 1662, when the last known specimen was eaten. The iris was reddish orange and had an inner yellow ring. A Mauritian woman recalling observations of Mauritius blue pigeons around 1815 mentioned green as one of its colours. The blue pigeons may have colonised the Mascarenes, the Seychelles or a now submerged hotspot island by "island hopping". Since Sonnerat named and described them in French, the scientific naming of the bird was left to the Tyrolean naturalist Giovanni Antonio Scopoli, who did not observe a specimen himself, but latinised Sonnerat's description in 1786. The little dodo is a strange and rare bird. [3] François Cauche in 1651 briefly mentions "white, black and red turtle doves", encountered in 1638, which is thought to be the first unequivocal mention of the bird. Several stuffed and at least one live specimen reached Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries. The two species of Nesoenas have also been reported as eating freshwater snails, and one was seen hunting tadpoles. A patch of bright red, naked skin surrounded the eyes, and extended across the cheeks to the beak, which was greenish with a dark tip. Few descriptions of the behaviour of Mauritius blue pigeons are known; unpublished notes by Desjardins are now lost. It is the type speciesof the genus of blue pigeons, Alectroenas. Fruits and nuts were probably the mainstay of the Mauritius blue pigeon's diet, and like other blue pigeons, it may have occupied the upper canopy, and migrated seasonally to where food was available. The Mauritius blue pigeon was not seasonally poisonous like the pink pigeon, which still survives on Mauritius today, but it was reputed to be. [2] It was the largest and most robust member of its genus, and the hackles were longer and covered a larger area than in other blue pigeons. Some plants, such as Casearia tinifolia and the palm orchid, have also become extinct. [6] Only these three taxidermic specimens still exist. Its head and breast are blue-gray and the wings are rufous-colored. [27] It has since been pointed out that other mainly frugivorous pigeons, such as species of Ptilinopus and Gallicolumba, do occasionally eat molluscs and other invertebrates. The legs were dark slate-grey. The Mauritius Blue Pigeon (Alectroenas nitidissima) is an extinct species of blue pigeon formerly endemic to the Mascarene island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar.It has two extinct relatives from the Mascarenes and three extant ones from other islands. By 1812, the French naturalist Jacques Gérard Milbert stated that solitary individuals were found in river valleys. The drawings were made by the Dutch artist Joris Joostensz Laerle on Mauritius, but were not published until 1969. The males had red foreheads, and the juveniles may have been partially green. It is the type species of the genus of blue pigeons, Alectroenas. It was sold in 1819 among other items, was sent to Edinburgh, and is now in the National Museum of Scotland as specimen MU No. Alectroenas blue pigeons are closely interrelated and occur widely throughout islands in the western Indian Ocean. These colours were thought similar to those of the Dutch flag, a resemblance reflected in some of the bird's names. Photography Subjects. This is probably because the species was almost exclusively frugivorous, like extant blue pigeons. The tail feathers and tail coverts were maroon. The tibiotarsus is comparatively long and the tarsometatarsus short. Some depictions and descriptions have shown the legs of Mauritius blue pigeons as red, like those of the Madagascar blue pigeon. Hume therefore interprets the three surviving skins as belonging to female specimens. But a new study shows the Brazilian bird is now extinct in the wild. [23] The surviving endemic fauna is still seriously threatened. [20], The Mauritius blue pigeon coexisted with humans for 200 years. The Comoro and Seychelles blue pigeons also feed on C. tacamahaca, and the strong gizzard of the former helps in the digestion of the seeds. Art. Extinct Mauritian reptiles include the saddle-backed Mauritius giant tortoise, the domed Mauritius giant tortoise, the Mauritian giant skink and the Round Island burrowing boa. It is the type speciesof the genus of blue pigeons, Alectroenas. Alectroenas nitidissima is the type species of the genus, which includes all blue pigeons. Her father always warned her before he fired, but she would entreat him to knock the bird down with his stick & not to shoot it â€“ she said the last Pigeon Hollandais she saw was about 27 years ago just after she married poor old Moon, it was brought out of the forest by a marron. Unlike the three surviving skins of Mauritius blue pigeons, one of two illustrations (the other is in black-and-white) of a live individual kept in the Netherlands around 1790 shows a red forehead. The second of these birds lives solitary in river valleys, where I have often seen it without being able to secure one. This is probably because the species was almost exclusively frugivorous, like extant blue pigeons. 1 post Mauritius Blue Pigeon Mauritius Blue Pigeon. Photography. Explore. Only three stuffed specimens exist today, and only one bird was ever depicted when alive. 2000-727, still existed, and had been damaged by sulphuric acid in an attempt at fumigation. It is the type species of the genus of blue pigeons, Alectroenas.. This feature was unknown from contemporary accounts, until the 1660s report of Johannes Pretorius about his stay on Mauritius was published in 2015, where he mentioned the bird's "warty face". This list was last updated 2019-09-14 . 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